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HR Zone » General Awareness » 24 March 2009 World Tuberculosis Day

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24 March 2009 World Tuberculosis Day
Claudia
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Posted 24-03-2009Reply

Today is the International Day to fight against tuberculosis, an infectious disease that still threaten people even in this century, with all the progresses medicine and science have made.



Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by a germ - Mycobacterium tuberculosis - which attacks predominantly the lungs, but also other organs or tissues.

TB spreads through the air, through the Pflugge saliva drops when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes or talks.



Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include:

• A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer

• Weight loss

• Coughing up blood or mucus

• Weakness or fatigue

• Fever and chills

• Night sweats



TB can be deadly without treatment. Today there are efficient antibiotics to cure active TB if they are taken at least 6 months according medical prescription.

People with latent TB can also take medicine so that they do not develop active TB.

Unfortunately, due to the irrational use of antibiotics in every respiratory infection or other viral disease, more and more patients develop multi-drug resistant form of TB, difficult to be cured.

Attached Files
TB.pdf (238.8 KB, 3 views)
Claudia
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  Rated +2 | Posted 24-03-2009

“India is number one in terms of tuberculosis (TB) prevalence and an alarming 17% of patients have developed multi-drug resistance”, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on 18 March 2008.
The latest report said that 299 Indians in every 100,000 population are infected with TB and the mortality rate is 28 per 100,000.
Of all new cases in India, 1.2 % are infected with HIV. While 2.8 % of the new cases have been diagnosed with multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB), 17 % of patients who have availed treatment at some point have developed drug resistance.
The global health watchdog said the pace of TB control and diagnosis has slowed down across the world including India.
The report said there were 9.2 million new cases of TB during 2006, of which 700,000 cases are found among people with HIV/AIDS up from 22,000 in 2002.

Worldwide there are 500,000 cases of MDR-TB and an estimated 1.5 million people died from the disease in 2006. Another 200,000 people with HIV died from HIV-associated TB, WHO said.

“The Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) of India has begun to operate in parts of the country that are particularly challenging,” WHO said in its report.
“The introduction of MDR TB treatment as part of routine program activities will succeed only if the planned sub-national reference laboratories function properly and if a reliable supply of high quality second-line drugs is available,” the global health watchdog cautioned.

WHO further said the plan to expand collaborative TB-HIV activities nationally would need to reflect in the local variations of HIV epidemiology.
“Assessing the impact of TB control in India will require careful analysis of the extensive and detailed data that are routinely collected by the RNTCP, in addition to recent and planned surveys of the prevalence of infection and disease,” WHO stressed it in its report.
The UN body said there are two aspects of the epidemic that could further slow progress in combating TB. The first is multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis and “it has reached the highest levels ever recorded”.
“To date, however, the response to this epidemic has been inadequate. Given limited laboratory and treatment capacity, countries project they will provide treatment only to an estimated 10 percent of people with MDR-TB worldwide in 2008.
“The second threat to continued progress is the lethal combination of TB and HIV, which is fueling the TB epidemic in many parts of the world, especially Africa.
“The report tells us that we are far from providing universal access to high-quality prevention, diagnostic, treatment and care services for HIV and TB,” said Peter Piot, executive director of UNAIDS, the joint United Nations program on HIV/AIDS.


Source: www.thaindian.com/newsportal/health/india-tops-in-tb-prevalence-drug-resistance-alarming-who_10028836.html

Ruchi
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  Rated +1 | Posted 27-03-2009

Hi

Thanks for sharing this information.

Rinku
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  Rated +1 | Posted 27-03-2009

“India is number one in terms of tuberculosis (TB) prevalence and an alarming 17% of patients ... See Claudia's complete reply


Thanks Claudia for sharing this.. was very informative. Not many of know that 24 March 2009 is World TB Day ... the statistics mentioned in the article are very scary.

Apart from the TB of the lungs , which other parts of the body can get infected with TB ?

Claudia
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  Rated 0 | Posted 27-03-2009

You are welcome.

Tuberculosis can occur also in kidneys, brain, ganglions, genital organs, bones, joints and eyes. It is difficult to diagnose and cure.

Ruchi
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  Rated 0 | Posted 28-03-2009

You are welcome.



Tuberculosis can occur also in kidneys, brain, ganglions, genital or... See Claudia's complete reply


Hi Mam

Thanks for the information.

Can you please provide some information regarding Migrain pain
like how to overcome with this ? precautions if any ,cure.

As its very painful.

Claudia
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  Rated 0 | Posted 30-03-2009

You are welcome.



Tuberculosis can occur also in kidneys, brain, ganglions, genital or... See Claudia's complete reply


Hi Mam



Thanks for the information.



Can you please provide some informa... See Ruchi's complete reply


You are welcome Ruchi.
I will give you some information about migraine but I will start another topic regarding it in "General awareness" section. I hope this will be useful to you.

Claudia
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  Rated +3 | Posted 23-03-2010

One year has gone since I've started this topic and I want to remind you - on World Tuberculosis Day - that we are facing more and more cases of tuberculosis resistant to drugs, which develop severe forms of TB and complications.

The "2010 Global Report on Surveillance and Response" estimated that almost 500 000 cases were diagnosed with a multidrug resistant form of tuberculosis (MDR-TB) since 2008 and one third of them have already died.
The countries with the largest number of cases are: India (25%), China (25%), the former Soviet Union, South Africa and Bangladesh.

Mr C K S
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  Rated 0 | Posted 24-03-2010

Hi,

Claudia mem,

It's a really Best Post of d Day on 24rth March 2010 because RAM NAVMI also.

I would like to give you Thankx in a Ton & appreciate for same.

Please keep to be continue & Keep it UP & Always UP.

Regards

Mr. CKS Dixit

singhmrck521hr@gmail.com

Claudia
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  Rated +2 | Posted 24-03-2010

Thank you Mr. CKS for your appreciation.
This is a serious matter which should concern all of us and it is my duty as a doctor to spread awareness, to remind people that a disease that other countries eradicated long time ago, can still affect or cause many deaths on our countries.
We should be informed about it and about its correct treatment because TB, like other infectious diseases and maybe even more, is prone to crowded cities, places with high population density and any of us can get infected easily.

Claudia
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  Rated 0 | Posted 24-03-2011

I decided to be back to this topic every year, reminding us all about TB and it s threat to our societies.
For some countries, as we have mentioned before, tuberculosis might be part of their past and they might learn in schools about a disease that once killed many people.
Unfortunately, for countries like ours, TB is still a threat, a major concerned, especially with the new resistance some Koch bacillus developed for the usually anti TB drugs.
The multidrug resistant TB (MDRTB) increases in number of cases each year.
It's main cause is the incomplete treatment for TB, stopped prematurely because of ignorance, once the person feels better and has no symptoms which doesn't not mean he/she is cured yet... Many patients refuse to continue the treatment once they feel like before or stop it because of the side effects, not understanding they are not cured yet. They jeopardize their future because the disease will need 12 months to be treated and with new drugs, sometimes less efficient or with more side effects. In many cases the new treatment will fail and the prognosis might be somber.


Another cause for the developing of MDRTB is the abuse of antibiotics in any simple cold, in flu, where antibiotics don't have any effect and mostly, the use of anti-TB antibiotics in other diseases.

Poverty, high population density, lack of sanitation, tolerating the debut symptoms of TB and becoming a source of infection walking, working, living among health people because we don't know the symptoms or we ignore the importance of the treatment are the main reasons for the important number of TB cases existent today.

There is a plan, a strategy of reducing TB and eradicating it. It is not easy, it needs time, funds and it needs increasing awareness. Let me assure you this plan goes beyond theory and gets implemented each day. Let's us do our share of it, getting informed about the disease, accepting and following the right steps in order to prevent and treat it.

http://www.stoptb.org/global/plan/GP2flashdetect.html


The increased number of TB cases can have a positive side: the increasing number of diagnosed cases, unlike before, when many patients with TB did not have access to medical care and were not treated. Let's consider this a chance to cure more, to have less sources of infection and to give our children to grow up in a society where TB will be a "story" about the past.

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