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HR Zone » Job Descriptions » Methods of Training - Kindly Suggest if points to be Included.

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Methods of Training - Kindly Suggest if points to be Included.
Aravind
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Posted 10-10-2008Reply

Methods of Training



On the Job Trainings: These methods are generally applied on the workplace while employees is actually working. Following are the on-the-job methods.

Advantages of On-the-Job Training:

It is directly in the context of job

It is often informal

It is most effective because it is learning by experience

It is least expensive

Trainees are highly motivated

It is free from artificial classroom situations



Disadvantages of On-the-Job Training:

Trainer may not be experienced enough to train

It is not systematically organized

Poorly conducted programs may create safety hazards



On the Job Training Methods



1. Job Rotation: In this method, usually employees are put on different jobs turn by turn where they learn all sorts of jobs of various departments. The objective is to give a comprehensive awareness about the jobs of different departments. Advantage – employee gets to know how his own and other departments also function. Interdepartmental coordination can be improved, instills team spirit. Disadvantage – It may become too much for an employee to learn. It is not focused on employees own job responsibilities. Employees basic talents may remain under utilized.

2. Job Coaching: An experienced employee can give a verbal presentation to explain the nitty-gritty’s of the job.

3. Job Instruction: It may consist an instruction or directions to perform a particular task or a function. It may be in the form of orders or steps to perform a task.

4. Apprenticeships: Generally fresh graduates are put under the experienced employee to learn the functions of job.

5. Internships and Assistantships: An intern or an assistants are recruited to perform a specific time-bound jobs or projects during their education. It may consist a part of their educational courses.



Off the Job Trainings: These are used away from work places while employees are not working like classroom trainings, seminars etc. Following are the off-the-job methods;



Advantages of Off-the-Job Training:

Trainers are usually experienced enough to train

It is systematically organized

Efficiently created programs may add lot of value



Disadvantages of Off-the-Job Training:

It is not directly in the context of job

It is often formal

It is not based on experience

It is least expensive

Trainees may not be highly motivated

It is more artificial in nature



Off the Job Training Methods



1. Classroom Lectures: It is a verbal lecture presentation by an instructor to a large audience. Advantage – It can be used for large groups. Cost per trainee is low. Disadvantages – Low popularity. It is not learning by practice. It is One-way communication. No authentic feedback mechanism. Likely to boredom.



2. Audio-Visual: It can be done using Films, Televisions, Video, and Presentations etc. Advantages – Wide range of realistic examples, quality control possible,. Disadvantages – One-way communication, No feedback mechanism. No flexibility for different audience.



3. Simulation: creating a real life situation for decision-making and understanding the actual job conditions give it. Following are some of the simulation methods of trainings

ïÂ¶ Case Studies: It is a written description of an actual situation and trainer is supposed to analyze and give his conclusions in writing. The cases are generally based on actual organizational situations. It is an ideal method to promote decision-making abilities within the constraints of limited data.

ïÂ¶ Role Plays: Here trainees assume the part of the specific personalities in a case study and enact it in front of the audience. It is more emotional orientation and improves interpersonal relationships. Attitudinal change is another result. These are generally used in MDP.

ïÂ¶ Sensitivity Trainings: This is more from the point of view of behavioral assessment, under different circumstances how an individual will behave himself and towards others. There is no preplanned agenda and it is instant. Advantages – increased ability to empathize, listening skills, openness, tolerance, and conflict resolution skills. Disadvantage – Participants may resort to their old habits after the training.



4. Programmed Instructions: Provided in the form of blocks either in book or a teaching machine using questions and Feedbacks without the intervention of trainer. Advantages – Self paced, trainees can progress at their own speed, strong motivation for repeat learning, material is structured and self-contained. Disadvantages – Scope for learning is less; cost of books, manuals or machinery is expensive.

5. Computer Aided Instructions: It is extension of PI method, by using computers. Advantages – Provides accountabilities, modifiable to technological innovations, flexible to time. Disadvantages – High cost.

6. Laboratory Training

Bharathi
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  Rated 0 | Posted 10-10-2008

Hi Aravind

Didnt get the clarity what exactly you are asking for suggestion. I can suggest more opts only after undersatnding your concept on the same


regards
bharathi

Aravind
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297 Posts
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  Rated 0 | Posted 10-10-2008

Hi Aravind



Didnt get the clarity what exactly you are asking for suggestion. I can s... See Bharathi's complete reply


In Both methods of training can we add more points thru which we can make it more effective

Neil
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  Rated 0 | Posted 10-10-2008

additional disadvantages

It can lead to an overestimations of competence

It can leave gaps which are only discovered when it's too late

It is often too slow to achieve Corporate targets.

Aravind
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297 Posts
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  Rated 0 | Posted 10-10-2008

additional disadvantages



It can lead to an overestimations of competence


See Neil's complete reply


Thank You, Neil.

Regards,


Aravind Kumar

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